Speech disorders involve difficulties pronouncing sounds in words in an age appropriate manner. Some sound errors may be appropriate for a young child. Your Speech-Language Pathologist will utilize informal observations (such as conversation during play) and formal testing to determine your child's current speech skills. We are able to treat sound disorders such as:
Articulation Disorders - When a child has an articulation disorder, he/she has difficulty producing a sound. A common articulation error is a frontal lisp, when an individual produces the "s" sound with their tongue between their teeth instead of behind their teeth. Sounds may be left out or dropped from words, substituted with a different sound, or pronounced incorrectly so it sounds messy or distorted.
Phonological Process Disorders - When a child has a phonological process disorder, he/she makes errors when producing a sound with a pattern and may not hear the difference between the errored sounds. A common phonological process error is called fronting, when an individual produces the "k" or "g" sounds in the front of their mouth instead of towards the back. The "k" or "g" sounds are then pronounced like a "t" or "d." A child may be able to produce the sound by itself, but he/she may struggle to produce the sound in words. Your child may need assistance to hear the difference between these sounds.
Motor Speech Disorders - When a child has a motor speech disorder, he/she will make sound errors due to a difficulty coordinating the muscle movements of their lips, teeth, and tongue. This may be due to a weakness/paralysis of the muscles, or this may be due to a difficulty in the brain to convey the information to coordinate the movements accurately, such as seen in Childhood Apraxia of Speech.
Your Speech-Language Pathologist will help determine if your child requires services. They will help to develop a treatment plan to address your child's speech sound errors. Sound practice may begin with simply producing a sound by itself and progress to simple syllables, words, phrases, all the way up to the conversational level.
Please feel free to contact us if you should have any additional questions.