We see children of varying exceptionalities in addition to those listed. Examples include, but are not limited to, the following:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Children may experience difficulty attending to tasks, and school performance may suffer as a result. Although ADHD does not cause delays or disorders in language or speech, this disorder often occurs together with language and/or speech delays. We are able to provide services to these children to help to increase attending time and achieve success in the areas of language, speech, reading, and writing skills.
Angelman Syndrome - Children with Angelman Syndrome experience developmental delays with severe cognitive impairment, feeding and swallowing difficulties, and limited expressive language. We can provide early intervention services, cognitive therapy, feeding/swallowing therapy, and expressive/receptive language therapy. Use of AAC devices/systems may be considered.
Craniofacial Anomalies/Cleft Lip and Palate - Children who have craniofacial anomalies have a visible, structural, and/or functional differences that affect the head and/or face. Examples include: cleft lip and palate, veleopharyngeal insufficiences (VPI), Crouzon Syndrome, Moebius Syndrome, Pierre Robin Sequence, and Treacher Collins Syndrome. Although it depends on the severity and type of disorder, craniofacial anomalies generally affect speech, voice (resonance), and feeding. We can help to provide speech, voice, oral motor, and feeding therapy.
Developmental Delays - This terminology is used to refer to a wide range of delays in the development of mental and physical skills. Language, speech, and cognitive delays may exist, in addition to the possibility of fine/gross motor delays. We can provide cognitive, language, and speech therapy.
Down Syndrome - Children with Down syndrome may have delayed receptive and expressive language, delayed speech, cognitive delays, delayed oral motor skills, and feeding and swallowing difficulties. We can provide early intervention services as well as services for school age children for these areas of difficulties.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - Children experience language and learning disabilities, possible cognitive delays, behavioral and intellectual impairements. They may have issues with voice disorders (cleft palate, hypernasality), articulation/speech disorders, hearing loss, delayed language acquisition, and expressive language delays. We can provide early intervention services, voice therapy/guidance on whether to seek the opinion of an Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) doctor, speech and language therapy, pragmatic language therapy, and reading/writing therapy.
Fragile X Syndrome - Children experience severe cognitive impairment, developmental delays, hypotonicity (low muscle tone), hyperactivity, language delays, speech delays, hearing loss, voice disorders (pitch related), and dysfluency. Language issues include both language understanding and use, as well as pragmatic language. We can provide early intervention services, speech and language therapy, voice therapy, and fluency therapy.
Prader-Willi Syndrome - Children experience hypotonia (low muscle tone), cognitive deficiencies, delayed language development, behavioral issues, voice abnormalities (hypernasality; high pitched voice), oral motor dysfunction, poor articulation/speech, and language disorders for receptive and expressive language. We can provide speech and language therapy, voice therapy, and oral motor therapy.
Selective Mutism - Children may experience social withdrawal or isolation, excessive shyness, oppositional and perfectionistic behaviors, and occassionally delayed expressive language and articulation/speech skills. They typically display normal receptive language and cognitive skills. We can help children to communicate by working through different levels of communication -- nonverbal interaction, whispered interactions, word, phrase, and conversational interactions, and generalizing verbal interactions across multiple environments. A systematic approach is used to work through this disorder.
Williams Syndrome - Children experience feeding problems, excessive social behaviors, and in some cases, intellectual delay. Expressive language is an area of relative strength, however there is often no meaning/content behind utterances. Statements may be repetitions, stereotyped phrases, and receptive language is delayed. We can provide receptive and expressive language therapy, pragmatic language therapy, and word-finding/language processing therapy.
Please feel free to contact us if you should have any additional questions.